Types of production systems

Interviwer may ask about what are the types of production
systems?  Because every firm has their own production

Production systems can be categorised into four

1. Continuous flow type production system.

The example of continuous type of production system are :
chemical plants, oil refiners, etc 

2. Mass production system

In mass production components are produced in large
quantities and minimal variety. The mass production system is
product layout. The example of mass production system are :
manufacturing of nut and bolts, and springs. The mass
production system utilize automated transfer lines, which are
highly efficient in production of large quantities of a fixed

3. Batch production system.

In batch production inon system, the components are produced
in medium quantities and medium variety. The examples of
batch production system are :manufacturing of marine engines,
vehicles, clothes, etc. The batch production systems utilize
flexible manufacturing systems (FMS). Flexible manufacturing
system is a machine cell, consisting of a group of per
processing workstations interconnected by an automated
material handling and storage systems. The setup q is
computer controlled and can be programed as per the process
sequence requirement of the particular batch of

4. Job production system.

In job production system the components are produced in low
quantities, based on the order
The minimum lot size can be one unit. The examples of job
production system are: manufactoring of jigs,fixture, dies,
etc.  The job production system uses stand alone machine
including  CNC machines,which are highly flexible and
can accommodate huge product varieties. The drawbacks are low
production rate and large setup time. 

Comparison of Production systems:
The four types of production systems can be distinguished in
terms of production quantity and product variety (
flexibility) as shown in fig 

comparion between production systems
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